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The Ultimate Guide to Newborn baby Care

The arrival of a newborn baby is a joyous occasion, but it can also be overwhelming. There are so many things to learn about taking care of a tiny baby. This article will provide you with some essential information on newborn care.


In this article you will learn about


Newborn care

Swaddling a newborn baby


After birth, babies may miss the feeling of being tightly held in the womb. Swaddling, which is wrapping a baby snugly in a blanket, can mimic this feeling and help to calm them down, reduce restlessness, and promote sleep. However, if swaddling is done incorrectly, it can cause problems.

Tightly swaddling a baby can put pressure on their hips and lead to hip dislocation or hip dysplasia, a serious condition. Therefore, it is important to leave enough room for the baby's hips and legs to move freely when swaddling them.


Here are some additional tips for swaddling your baby safely:

  • Use a soft, lightweight blanket that is large enough to wrap the baby snugly.

  • Do not swaddle the baby too tightly. There should be enough room for the baby to move their arms and legs freely.

  • Do not swaddle the baby with their arms inside the blanket. This can increase the risk of hip dysplasia.

  • Do not swaddle the baby for too long. Once the baby is able to roll over, you should stop swaddling them.

 

Umbilical Cord


The umbilical cord stump will usually dry up and fall off on its own within 1 to 4 weeks. It does not require much care, and you do not need to do anything to make it fall off.

To keep the cord and surrounding skin clean and dry, gently push down the skin surrounding the cord. This will expose the base of the cord to air and help it dry. You can give your baby a sponge bath until the cord falls off. Fold the front of the diaper down below the cord to prevent it from rubbing against the cord.

Infection of the umbilical cord and surrounding skin is rare. However, if you notice any of the following signs of infection, contact your healthcare provider immediately:

  • Drainage from the cord

  • Foul odor

  • Redness, warmth, or swelling around the cord

Circumcision Care


Circumcision is a medical procedure that removes the foreskin, the fold of skin that covers the tip of the penis. There are some health benefits associated with circumcision, such as a lower risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs), urinary tract infections (UTIs), and foreskin infections. However, circumcision is not essential to a boy's health, and the decision of whether or not to circumcise is a personal one that should be made by the parents.

After circumcision, the tip of the penis may appear red, raw, or yellowish. To help protect the tip of the penis while it is healing, you can apply petroleum jelly to a small gauze pad and place it over the tip. You should replace the gauze pad with each diaper change. The penis should fully heal in about 7 to 10 days.

You should avoid bathing your son until the penis has fully healed. If you need to clean the penis, gently wash it with warm water and mild soap.

 

Diaper Duty


If feeding well, formula fed babies will have 6-8 wet diapers a day. In the first few days of life, breastfeeding babies will urinate less frequently. In the first few days of breastfeeding, they may have only 3-4 wet diapers per day. But, once your milk comes in, the number of wet diapers should increase to 6-8 per day. Checkout our Baby Diapering essentials

A few tips for changing Diaper


Newborn Boy :

beware of being sprayed by a good stream and aim his penis downward before closing the diaper.

Newborn girls may have a clear or white vaginal discharge. This discharge helps to protect the vaginal area. So, with diaper changes, you may gently wipe away any excess discharge but do not worry. about removing it all. Also important to note is that baby girls may have pink or bloody discharge. This is normal and is due to exposure to maternal hormones. Baby girls should be wiped from front to back so as to avoid spreading poop into the vaginal area.


A baby's first stools are called meconium. Meconium stools are thick, tarry, and black or dark green in color. After a few days, your baby's stools should transition to a pasty consistency and brownish in color Breastfed babies will then develop mustard yellow stools of a seedy consistency.


baby bowel movement

Newborns can have many stools a day. Breastfed babies typically have more stools than formula fed babies. Breastfed babies may have a stool with each feeding. The frequency of stools for formula fed babies can be a bit more variable. Early on, formula fed babies tend to have several stools each day. But as they get a bit older, the frequency could decrease to once a day or once every few days.

With all those dirty diapers, diaper rash is not unexpected. If you notice redness in the diaper area, apply a diaper rash cream or vaseline/Aquaphor


 

Fingernails


Newborns' nails are soft and attached to the skin. Do not cut them for the first 2 weeks to avoid injury. You can file them with an emery board or cover their hands with mittens.


Here are some tips for cutting your baby's nails:

  • Do it when your baby is asleep.

  • Push down on the fingertip skin to get the clippers/scissors around the nail.

  • Smooth any rough edges with an emery board.

Checkout our list of baby grooming kit.

 

Bathing


Newborns do not need a daily bath. Give them sponge baths until the umbilical cord falls off and the circumcision has healed.


To give a sponge bath:

  1. Keep your baby wrapped in a towel and only expose the body part you are washing.

  2. Use a damp washcloth and a fragrance-free soap to clean your baby.

  3. Lotion is optional. If you choose to use lotion, select one that is fragrance-free to protect your baby's sensitive skin.

Be mindful of the water temperature. Use lukewarm water. The upper temperature limit on your water heater should be set no higher than 120 degrees Fahrenheit.

Clean your baby's outer ear with a washcloth. Do not insert a Q-tip into the ear canal. It is okay if a little water gets into your baby's ears during a bath.


Checkout our baby bath essentials - everything you need for a fun and stress-free bath time

Never leave your baby unattended in a bath.

 

Crying and Colic


Crying is how babies communicate their needs. They may cry when they are hungry, need a diaper change, are uncomfortable, or are tired. Addressing these needs will usually stop them from crying.


However, it is not always that simple. Soothing a crying baby can be stressful. It is important to stay calm. Babies can sense our frustration and distress. Put your baby in their crib and take a few minutes to calm down before trying to soothe them. Do not be afraid to ask a trusted friend or family member for help.


Colic is excessive crying in an otherwise healthy baby for no apparent reason. It is usually defined as crying for 3 or more hours a day and for 3 or more days per week. Crying spells typically occur in the evening but can happen at any time. There is no single known cause of colic. It usually starts at around 2-3 weeks of age.


Here are some techniques to soothe a crying baby:

  1. Swaddling and rocking

  2. Offering a pacifier

  3. Turning on a calming sound (white noise, fan, soft music)

  4. Taking your baby for a walk in a carrier or stroller

 

Burps and Spit Up


Spitting up is common in babies. They may bring up small amounts of breast milk or formula after feeding. The spit up may look like the milk or formula, or it may be curdled. It usually happens without effort.


Babies swallow air when they feed. Burping helps them to get rid of this air. Babies often need help to burp. To do this, hold your baby facing you and against your chest. Gently pat or rub their back. You do not need to use a lot of force. Most babies will burp after a few minutes. It is okay if your baby does not burp.

Here are some additional tips to prevent spitting up:

  • Feed your baby in a calm and relaxed environment.

  • Burp your baby frequently during feedings.

  • Hold your baby upright for at least 30 minutes after feeding.

  • Avoid feeding your baby too much at once.

  • If your baby is spitting up a lot, talk to your doctor.

 

Sleep


Babies should sleep on their backs on a firm surface to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). This is the safest sleeping position for babies throughout their first year of life, but especially in the first 6 months when the risk of SIDS is highest.


The sleeping surface should be firm and flat. A crib mattress covered by a fitted sheet is the best option. Avoid using loose bedding, pillows, quilts, comforters, toys, or stuffed animals in the baby's sleep environment. These items can increase the risk of suffocation.


The best place for a baby to sleep is in the same room as their parents, but not in the same bed. This is called room-sharing. Bed-sharing is not recommended, even if you use a co-sleeper.


The use of pacifiers has been shown to reduce the risk of SIDS. You can offer your baby a pacifier once breastfeeding has been established. You can use the pacifier when you put your baby to sleep, but you do not need to reinsert it once they fall asleep. If your baby does not take to a pacifier, do not force it.


Sitting devices such as car safety seats, swings, and strollers should not be used for routine sleep at home. These devices are not designed for sleep and can increase the risk of suffocation.


Checkout of Nursery essentials and baby bassinet that takes the guess work out of getting ready for baby



** Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice.The guidelines may not be appropriate for all babies. It is important to consult with your pediatrician.



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